Top 5 industries
|Employ’t Nov 2017||Share of total||5 year change to Nov 2017|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||163.2||12||23.0||16.4|
|Education and Training||116.5||9||17.5||17.6|
|Accommodation and Food Services||99.0||7||28.8||41.1|
Western Australia is the fourth largest employing state, with employment highly concentrated in Perth. Over the past five years, Western Australia has had the weakest employment growth of any state or territory. This subdued growth was driven by the fall in employment in Mining (down by 32,700 or 26.9%) and Manufacturing (down by 22,600 or 24.7%). Labour market conditions, however, have improved more recently (see below).
Western Australia has 41% of all Mining jobs and, despite the falls in employment noted above, this industry continues to be a major employing industry in this state (accounting for 7% of state jobs).
The age profile of the workforce is in line with the national average, although some areas have an older workforce, such as Western Australia – Wheat Belt (with 30% of workers aged 55 years or older, compared with 19% nationally).
Did you know?
Two in every five WA workers were born overseas
Current conditions (to January 2018)
Labour market conditions in Western Australia strengthened over the year to January 2018, with employment increasing by 24,300. Full-time employment rose by 11,800 over the period, while part-time employment increased by 12,400. The state’s unemployment rate decreased by 0.6 percentage points over the year to 5.7% in January 2018, although it remains above the national rate of 5.5%. The state’s participation rate rose by 0.3 percentage points over the year to 68.0%, well above the national rate (of 65.6%).
Conditions for youth in Western Australia have, however, deteriorated over the year, with youth employment in the state declining by 10,100 (or 5.0%), while the state’s youth unemployment rate increased by 1.5 percentage points to 13.5% in January 2018.
The short-term outlook for the Western Australian economy is for some modest improvement. The Western Australian Treasury has forecast employment growth of 1.5% in 2018-19, while the unemployment rate is expected to average 5.75% over the period. Over the five years to May 2022, employment in Western Australia is projected to increase by 7.2% (just below the projected national growth of 7.8%).
Employment by region, Western Australia
|Employment||Employment Profile||Workforce Educational Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2017||5 year change
to Nov 2017
|Part-time||Female||Aged 15 to 24 years||Aged 55 years or older||Bachelor degree or higher||Cert III or higher VET qual||No post-school qual||5 year change to May 2022|
|Western Australia - Outback||120.5||-5.2||-4.2||23||42||12||18||17||39||37||5.0|
|Western Australia - Wheat Belt||64.5||-0.8||-1.3||36||45||11||30||15||33||43||4.3|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Census of Population and Housing; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Regional Employment Projections; Department of Treasury, Western Australia
For more information see lmip.gov.au