Top 5 industries
|Employ’t Nov 2017||Share of total||5 year change to Nov 2017|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||132.4||16||19.5||17.3|
|Education and Training||61.2||7||-7.1||-10.4|
South Australia has a relatively small workforce, with around 7% of national employment. Employment is concentrated in Greater Adelaide, which accounts for 78% of the state’s employment.
Employment growth over the past five years was well below the national average. The largest number of new jobs created over this period was in Health Care and Social Assistance, followed by Transport, Postal and Warehousing and Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing. There were, however, job losses in 11 of the 19 industries, with the largest fall in Education and Training. Manufacturing, the third largest employing industry in South Australia, also recorded a fall in employment.
South Australian workers are less likely to have post-school qualifications than the national average. A smaller proportion have a bachelor degree or higher, although a slightly larger share hold a certificate III or higher vocational qualification.
A relatively large proportion of this workforce is aged 55 years or older and the median age is above the national average.
Workers in South Australia are more likely to be employed part-time than workers nationally.
14% of SA workers are self-employed
Current conditions (to January 2018)
Labour market conditions improved somewhat in South Australia over the year to January 2018, with employment increasing by 13,200. Full-time employment rose by 6,400 over the period, while part-time employment increased by 6,800. Reflecting the improvement in conditions, the state’s unemployment rate decreased by 0.4 percentage points over the year, to 6.0%, although it remains above the national rate of 5.5%. While the participation rate rose by 0.4 percentage points to 62.6%, it remains well below the national rate of 65.6%.
Conditions for youth in South Australia have been weak over the year, with employment falling by 2,500 (or 2.0%), while the youth unemployment rate rose by 1.3 percentage points to 15.9% in January 2018, well above the national youth unemployment rate (of 12.3%).
The short-term outlook for the South Australian economy is relatively subdued. The South Australian Department of Treasury and Finance has forecast employment growth of 1% in 2018-19. Over the five years to May 2022, South Australian employment is projected to increase by 4.8% (well below the projected national growth of 7.8%).
Employment by region, South Australia
|Employment||Employment Profile||Workforce Educational Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2017||5 year change
to Nov 2017
|Part-time||Female||Aged 15 to 24 years||Aged 55 years or older||Bachelor degree or higher||Cert III or higher VET qual||No post-school qual||5 year change to May 2022|
|Barossa - Yorke - Mid North||50.3||0.5||0.9||35||44||12||28||14||35||42||2.6|
|South Australia - Outback||38.5||-1.5||-3.7||29||46||13||23||14||36||42||5.1|
|South Australia - South East||89.3||2.7||3.1||37||47||13||27||13||35||44||3.4|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Census of Population and Housing; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Regional Employment Projections; Department of Treasury and Finance, South Australian Government
For more information see lmip.gov.au