South Australia

This image shows that there were 827,300 people employed in South Australia as at November 2017, up 1.3% since November 2016 and 2.3% since November 2012. Employment is projected to grow by 4.8% over the five years to May 2022.
22% of jobs are regional (no change over 5 years).
47% of workers are female (up 1 percentage point over 5 years).
64% of workers hold post-school qualifications (up 5 percentage points over 5 years).
35% of jobs are part-time (up 1 percentage points over 5 years).
The median age is 42 years (up 1 year over 5 years).

Top 5 industries

Top 5 industries
  Employ’t Nov 2017 Share of total 5 year change to Nov 2017
Industry  '000 %  '000 %
Health Care and Social Assistance 132.4 16 19.5 17.3
Retail Trade 91.2 11 0.4 0.4
Manufacturing 69.3 8 -2.9 -4.0
Construction 65.8 8 1.2 1.9
Education and Training 61.2 7 -7.1 -10.4

South Australia has a relatively small workforce, with around 7% of national employment. Employment is concentrated in Greater Adelaide, which accounts for 78% of the state’s employment.

Employment growth over the past five years was well below the national average. The largest number of new jobs created over this period was in Health Care and Social Assistance, followed by Transport, Postal and Warehousing and Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing. There were, however, job losses in 11 of the 19 industries, with the largest fall in Education and Training. Manufacturing, the third largest employing industry in South Australia, also recorded a fall in employment.

South Australian workers are less likely to have post-school qualifications than the national average. A smaller proportion have a bachelor degree or higher, although a slightly larger share hold a certificate III or higher vocational qualification.

A relatively large proportion of this workforce is aged 55 years or older and the median age is above the national average.

Workers in South Australia are more likely to be employed part-time than workers nationally.

Quick fact
14% of SA workers are self-employed

Educational attainment, South Australia (%)

Shows the educational attainment profile of the South Australia workforce.  Bachelor degree or higher 26%. Certificate III or higher VET qualification 32%. Other qualification 6%. No post-school qualification 36%.

Age profile, South Australia (%)

Shows the age profile of the South Australia workforce. 14% aged 15 to 24 years. 21% aged 25 to 34 years. 21% aged 35 to 44 years. 23% aged 45 to 54 years. 21% aged 55 years or older.

Current conditions (to January 2018)

Labour market conditions improved somewhat in South Australia over the year to January 2018, with employment increasing by 13,200. Full-time employment rose by 6,400 over the period, while part-time employment increased by 6,800. Reflecting the improvement in conditions, the state’s unemployment rate decreased by 0.4 percentage points over the year, to 6.0%, although it remains above the national rate of 5.5%. While the participation rate rose by 0.4 percentage points to 62.6%, it remains well below the national rate of 65.6%.

Conditions for youth in South Australia have been weak over the year, with employment falling by 2,500 (or 2.0%), while the youth unemployment rate rose by 1.3 percentage points to 15.9% in January 2018, well above the national youth unemployment rate (of 12.3%).

Outlook

The short-term outlook for the South Australian economy is relatively subdued. The South Australian Department of Treasury and Finance has forecast employment growth of 1% in 2018-19. Over the five years to May 2022, South Australian employment is projected to increase by 4.8% (well below the projected national growth of 7.8%).

Employment by region, South Australia

Employment by region, South Australia
  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t Nov 2017 5 year change
to Nov 2017
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2022
Region ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Greater Adelaide 645.3 14.4 2.3 36 47 14 20 29 31 34 5.1
Barossa - Yorke - Mid North 50.3 0.5 0.9 35 44 12 28 14 35 42 2.6
South Australia - Outback 38.5 -1.5 -3.7 29 46 13 23 14 36 42 5.1
South Australia - South East 89.3 2.7 3.1 37 47 13 27 13 35 44 3.4
South Australia1 827.3 18.6 2.3 35 47 14 21 26 32 36 4.8
Australia 12,380.1 970.7 8.5 32 47 14 19 30 31 33 7.8

1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Census of Population and Housing; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Regional Employment Projections; Department of Treasury and Finance, South Australian Government

For more information see lmip.gov.au