Industry Overview

Which are the largest employing industries in Australia?

There are 19 broad industries. Five industries each provide more than 1 million jobs and, together, they account for around half of total employment. The five largest employing industries are

Which industries have gained or lost jobs?

Over the five years to November 2017, about 1.2 million new jobs were created across 14 industries (although these were partly offset by job losses in others). The largest numbers of new jobs were created in

Five industries recorded employment falls (although some subsectors within these industries had jobs growth). The largest losses were in

The Department of Jobs and Small Business produces annual employment projections by industry for the following five years. For more information on the expected employment change by industry over the five years to May 2022 see the Industry Outlook.

Which industries employ young people?

Young workers (15 to 24 years) are employed in all industries, although some offer more opportunities than others. Industries with large numbers of young workers include

Which industries generally require post-school education?

There are large differences in the educational profile of the workforces across industries. In some industries, large proportions of workers hold post-school qualifications. For many jobs in these industries, after school study is required. The most highly educated industries are

There are other industries, however, which offer good employment opportunities for people who have not completed study after leaving school, such as Accommodation and Food Services and Retail Trade (see Education and Employment for more information).

Share of total jobs, five years to November 2017 (%)

This pie chart shows the share of total new jobs by industry.  Health Care and Social Assistance 25%. Construction 16%. Education and Training 11%. Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 10%. Accommodation and Food Services 9%. Retail Trade 7%. Other Services 7%. Transport, Postal and Warehousing 5%. Public Administration and Safety 4%. Arts and Recreation Services 3%. Other 3%.

Employment by industry

Employment by industry
  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment  
  Employ’t Nov 2017 5 year change
to Nov 2017
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2022  
Industry ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %  
Accommodation and Food Services 896.1 108.4 13.8 60 55 43 10 14 25 55 11.2  
Administrative and Support Services 401.2 7.6 1.9 44 51 11 21 21 30 41 8.4  
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 324.5 21.7 7.2 27 30 10 37 12 28 52 -0.8  
Arts and Recreation Services 248.3 36.6 17.3 50 49 25 16 29 27 38 9.9  
Construction 1,167.2 188.8 19.3 15 12 15 16 10 54 32 10.9  
Education and Training 1,024.3 126.5 14.1 40 71 9 23 62 20 14 12.0  
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services 136.7 -4.8 -3.4 8 24 6 19 27 42 26 -7.0  
Financial and Insurance Services 420.7 4.0 1.0 17 49 7 14 46 24 25 5.6  
Health Care and Social Assistance 1,663.9 301.6 22.1 44 78 9 23 45 31 18 16.1  
Information Media and Telecommunications 215.0 -12.8 -5.6 21 41 12 14 44 24 27 3.3  
Manufacturing 885.5 -58.8 -6.2 15 27 11 20 18 38 39 -4.2  
Mining 216.5 -52.9 -19.6 5 15 5 14 22 46 28 2.4  
Other Services 524.5 78.5 17.6 32 44 16 19 15 53 26 2.5  
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 1,033.0 114.4 12.5 23 43 8 17 59 20 17 12.5  
Public Administration and Safety 740.5 44.9 6.5 20 49 6 20 39 33 23 9.3  
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services 218.7 20.9 10.6 24 51 11 22 26 33 31 8.5  
Retail Trade 1,286.9 81.4 6.8 50 56 30 15 16 24 54 3.7  
Transport, Postal and Warehousing 646.8 64.0 11.0 21 22 7 25 16 31 46 6.5  
Wholesale Trade 376.7 -50.9 -11.9 17 33 9 20 24 30 40 0.5  
All Industries1 12,380.1 970.7 8.5 32 47 14 19 30 31 33 7.8

1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data), ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Department of Jobs and Small Business, Industry Employment Projections

For more information see lmip.gov.au