Which are the largest employing industries in Australia?
There are 19 broad industries. Five industries each provide more than 1 million jobs and, together, they account for around half of total employment. The five largest employing industries are
- Health Care and Social Assistance (1,663,900)
- Retail Trade (1,286,900)
- Construction (1,167,200)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (1,033,000)
- Education and Training (1,024,300).
Which industries have gained or lost jobs?
Over the five years to November 2017, about 1.2 million new jobs were created across 14 industries (although these were partly offset by job losses in others). The largest numbers of new jobs were created in
- Health Care and Social Assistance (up by 301,600)
- Construction (188,800)
- Education and Training (126,500).
Five industries recorded employment falls (although some subsectors within these industries had jobs growth). The largest losses were in
The Department of Jobs and Small Business produces annual employment projections by industry for the following five years. For more information on the expected employment change by industry over the five years to May 2022 see the Industry Outlook.
Which industries employ young people?
Young workers (15 to 24 years) are employed in all industries, although some offer more opportunities than others. Industries with large numbers of young workers include
Which industries generally require post-school education?
There are large differences in the educational profile of the workforces across industries. In some industries, large proportions of workers hold post-school qualifications. For many jobs in these industries, after school study is required. The most highly educated industries are
- Education and Training (86% hold post-school qualifications)
- Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (83%)
- Health Care and Social Assistance (82%).
There are other industries, however, which offer good employment opportunities for people who have not completed study after leaving school, such as Accommodation and Food Services and Retail Trade (see Education and Employment for more information).
Employment by industry
|Employment||Employment Profile||Workforce Educational Profile||Projected Employment|
|Employ’t Nov 2017||5 year change
to Nov 2017
|Part-time||Female||Aged 15 to 24 years||Aged 55 years or older||Bachelor degree or higher||Cert III or higher VET qual||No post-school qual||5 year change to May 2022|
|Accommodation and Food Services||896.1||108.4||13.8||60||55||43||10||14||25||55||11.2|
|Administrative and Support Services||401.2||7.6||1.9||44||51||11||21||21||30||41||8.4|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||324.5||21.7||7.2||27||30||10||37||12||28||52||-0.8|
|Arts and Recreation Services||248.3||36.6||17.3||50||49||25||16||29||27||38||9.9|
|Education and Training||1,024.3||126.5||14.1||40||71||9||23||62||20||14||12.0|
|Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services||136.7||-4.8||-3.4||8||24||6||19||27||42||26||-7.0|
|Financial and Insurance Services||420.7||4.0||1.0||17||49||7||14||46||24||25||5.6|
|Health Care and Social Assistance||1,663.9||301.6||22.1||44||78||9||23||45||31||18||16.1|
|Information Media and Telecommunications||215.0||-12.8||-5.6||21||41||12||14||44||24||27||3.3|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Services||1,033.0||114.4||12.5||23||43||8||17||59||20||17||12.5|
|Public Administration and Safety||740.5||44.9||6.5||20||49||6||20||39||33||23||9.3|
|Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services||218.7||20.9||10.6||24||51||11||22||26||33||31||8.5|
|Transport, Postal and Warehousing||646.8||64.0||11.0||21||22||7||25||16||31||46||6.5|
1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add
Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data), ABS, Census of Population and Housing, Department of Jobs and Small Business, Industry Employment Projections
For more information see lmip.gov.au