Introduction

Welcome to the 2018 edition of Australian Jobs. This publication provides an overview of trends in the Australian labour market to support job seekers and providers, career advisers, those considering future training and work and people interested in labour market issues.

How to use Australian Jobs

Australian Jobs allows users to explore a wide range of factors. For example, if you are thinking of a career in a particular industry you may want to look at the range of employing occupations, the main training pathways, the location of jobs and future employment prospects. It can also be used to recognise the value of higher levels of education and training, the competitive nature of the labour market and how to be a successful job applicant.

The analysis in this publication provides an introduction and overview to some of the factors which can be considered in understanding employment conditions and changes which are occurring in the labour market. It also provides links to more detailed information. The Department of Jobs and Small Business publishes a wide range of labour market information on its website (at jobs.gov.au/employment-research-and-statistics) and on specialist websites such as the Labour Market Information Portal (lmip.gov.au) and Job Outlook (joboutlook.gov.au).

The labour market can change quickly, and there is currently a great deal of discussion about the future of work and the role of automation in determining the demand for particular workers. It isn’t easy to forecast future labour market conditions, and it isn’t advisable to base employment and training decisions solely on predicted shortages. It is better to train in an area in which you have an interest and aptitude than choosing a career solely based on expectations about future conditions.

The forward looking information in this report provides some guidance about which industries and occupations are likely to have the strongest employment growth. Sometimes, though, even in occupations that are in high demand, applicants can face significant competition for vacancies. Conversely, employers sometimes have difficulty recruiting for occupations which are not growing very much or are even in decline.

Good candidates (who meet employers’ needs in terms of both technical and employability skills) are always valued and poor quality applicants will experience difficulty gaining employment, even if the labour market is tight.

Employers often require staff who have relevant work experience, regardless of the skill level of the job. It can be hard to gain experience to develop and demonstrate employability skills, but the ideas provided in the Job Search and Skills section of Australian Jobs can help.

There is a range of Government assistance available to help you get workplace experience, gain skills through education and training, and find the right job. More information about the assistance available to you is provided on the Useful Websites and Links page and on the Department’s website at jobs.gov.au.

Inquiries about Australian Jobs should be directed to australianjobs@jobs.gov.au